Various women’s peacekeeping missions

As a particularly dedicated "teacher of life", history, as well as literature, through the roles and attitudes of women towards wars, brings us examples of causal relationships from ancient times to today. Already in the 5th century BC Aristophanes (448 BC - 385 BC), an ancient Greek writer, wrote in his work "Lysistrata" about the women of Athens and Sparta who authentically, decisively and persistently denied intimate relations to their men until they stopped the war. Can we, perhaps, consider this literary motif as one of the examples of women's role in peace processes? Also interesting is the story of Edith Louisa Cavell, a nurse who saved all soldiers with the same enthusiasm during the First World War, regardless of their national or ideological affiliation, which, due to the socio-political movements of that time, she later paid with her life. When it comes to Bosnia and Herzegovina, it is inevitable, for example, to mention Suada Dilberović and Olga Sučić, students who are mentioned among the first victims of the civil war, and who were killed as participants in the peace demonstrations in Sarajevo, April 5, 1992. Even today, there is no shortage of examples of inspiring women's peace initiatives, one of which is the case of Pakistani teenager Malala Yousafzai, who was shot in the head in 2012 at public transport, and who two years later, after she had enough couriosity to speak publicly about all the details of the reasons why she was wounded, awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

Peace initiatives, which encouraged the establishment of numerous organizations, institutions and journals, were defined in a special scientific discipline in the 1950s, with the aim of obtaining answers to the socio-political circumstances caused by the Cold War through the scientific study of peace. This discipline took a new direction in 2000, with the adoption of UN Resolution 1325, which gave women's peace activism, then present but not publicly recognized, its place in the international legal system, and women in addition to the freedom to participate equally in peace missions and gain recognition in this regard, received the right to protection from various types of violence during the war. The first Action Plan for the implementation of this Resolution in Bosnia and Herzegovina for the period 2010-2013 was adopted by the Decision of the Council of Ministers of BiH in 2010. It was also the first action plan for the implementation of Resolution 1325 in the region of Southeast Europe and served as an example to other countries in the region in developing their national action plans. After this, two more implementation plans for the periods 2014-2017 and 2018-2020 were adopted in BiH. . By making all bh. Action plans for the implementation of Resolution 1325 were coordinated by the BiH Agency for Gender Equality on behalf of the BiH Ministry of Human Rights and Refugees, in consultation with institutions and non-government organizations represented in the Coordination Committee for Monitoring Action Plans.

The current Action Plan for the implementation of Resolution 1325 in Bosnia and Herzegovina, especially emphasizes 2 strategic goals, namely:
1. Increased participation of women in the military, police and peacekeeping missions, including participation in decision-making positions.
2. Increased level of human security through the prism of gender equality.
The role of women in peacekeeping missions today is the subject of numerous discussions and inspiration for a large number of scientific papers that understand women in different ways: from the traditional role of housewife and educator of the nation, through the idea of a modern director of a successful company to feminist activist. However, in order to preserve objectivity in understanding the role of women in society in general and in peacekeeping missions, we will look at a study by Carol Gilligan who, proposing the concept of moral development of women, believes that any woman in the world can be found in any of the above mentioned roles in society. Gilligan discovers that the moral development of women tends to go through three stages - selfish, caring and universally caring. "In each of these phases, the circle of care increases, while selfishness decreases. In the beginning, the young girl cares mostly only for herself, in the second she becomes able to take care of others (family and friends), and finally in the third phase she becomes capable of caring for the well-being of her employees and humanity as a whole.”What is gender of security?, 2013.) Taking this into account, it is clear to us that women, given their ability to care for humanity as a whole, have a place in peacekeeping missions as well.

Faced with different views on women, it is very important not to forget the names of women who for centuries remind us of the possibilities of women's contribution to society such as politician Cleopatra (69 BC - 30 BC), philosopher and mathematician Hypatia (370 BC – 415 BC), painter Katarina Ivanović (1811-1882), philanthropist Adelina Irbi (1831-1911) and many others, and to educate future generations in the direction of understanding the importance of harmony between male and female contribution to the community. Literature also reminds us of the perfect harmony of the masculine and feminine principles as the need for the survival of society, so the poet Jovan Dučić (1874-1943) in his treasury of philosophical considerations considers that a woman is generous and a man noble, and it is up to us, based on what we read and experienced, to form our own judgment, which may or may not be similar to another because "the truth is in the eyes of the observer."

 

Stavovi i mišljenja izneseni u tekstu su autorski i ne predstavljaju nužno stavove i mišljenja i Akademija za žene. Autori i autorice tekstova odgovaraju za iznesen sadržaj.

📌 Ovaj tekst je nastao u okviru kampanje obilježavanja 20 godina UN Rezolucije 1325 ,,Žene, mir i sigurnost” u Bosni i Hercegovini, koju provodi Akademija za žene a finansijski podržava Austrijska ambasada u BiH.